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08/28/2011

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UAE universities

Thanks for sharing this blog i hope for reading your blog everyone like to give the comments

joshua

Yes but why? Why are some cultures monochroic and others polychronic?

Brett Rutledge

Hi Joshua. Some cultures are traditionally monochronic. In such a culture, time is thought of as being linear. People are expected to do one thing at a time, and they will not tolerate lateness or interruptions.

In polychronic cultures, time is thought of as being cyclical. In such cultures, it is not important to be punctual, and it is acceptable to interrupt someone who is busy.

A lot of Western cultures are monochronic due to the popularity of Taylorism where, during the industrial revolution, we started using time as a measure of efficiency and, ultimately, profitability.

joshua

Hi Brett

Thanks for your answer.
Doesn't this then reflect the differences between a civilisation still culturally dominated by the agricultural mode of production, where there is a fatalistic attitude to life, because everything depends on meteorological factors that cannot be controlled by man and in which time is cyclical, slow, following the rhythm of the seasons, and a civilisation dominated by the industrial mode of production, in which the production cycle is controlled and planned by man and speed of production and time-to-market determine capital accummulation? (in the sense that Alvin Toffler describes it in the Third Wave).

Another question in my mind is the geographical, or climatological influence on time perception : it seems highly significant that if one takes Europe as an example, the further North you go, the more time is perceived as important - in Scandanavian countries, it is almost a sin to be late, but as you go South, it becomes far less important and once you reach North Africa, time is almost symbolic. Think of what "tomorrow" actually means in Finland, Great Britain, France, Spain, Italy and Morroco. I have often wondered why this is : perhaps being late for a meeting in cold, harsh climates is actually dangerous, because the person waiting could freeze to death? When nature is hostile, there are few hours of daylight and when night falls, it's dangerous to be out...

I've often tried to find research on this topic, but it does seem that most specialists tend to describe rather than explain such factors (for instance : why are some cultures more risk-averse tha others? - one answer is that much depends on historical experience and cultures can go from being risk-taking to risk averse even over short periods of time, when faced with traumatic events). I think perhaps we need another TE Hall to look into these notions in more detail, because I find that most intercultural theory leaves the mystery wide open and therefore does not provide us with the keys to really comprehend cultural pheomena.

prada

will follow you

24/7 in France

24/7 in France: Your explanation made me think of the ingrained "time is money" mentality, so prevalent in the U.S. Living in France, especially on the French Riviera, one learns to relax and go more with the flow.

Angelina Jolie

this is such sociology talk completely invented to keep you in a job - its so completely not true - I am from England and work with most european countries and we have no problems like you have mentioned - its a personal thing not a cultural one

Drika

I live in Finland and time is more important than anything else. Finns get very unhappy if you are late because they think is nor polite and you don't respect your peers. It is rare to see one Finn late for any meeting. It is a cultural behavior. They teach it since babies and also in schools. It is passed from generation to generation. Arriving in time tells who you are!

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